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BETTER OFF THAN 20 YEARS AGO

The majority of South Africans are much better off now than 20 years ago. The situation that the poor find themselves in has dramatically improved on numerous fronts, while the middle class has become much wealthier over this period. The metrics used for measuring how well a group was and is off were level of education, housing, access to utilities, health related, employment, exposure to crime, asset value, income and tax.

Education
In 1996, based on the census completed in that year, only 22.6% of South Africans aged 20 had a matric qualification or higher.By 2011, this proportion had almost doubled to 40.9%.

Housing
In 1995, only 58% of South African lived in formal housing and by 2011, this had increased greatly to 78%. In addition, the quality of housing also increased with the proportion of South Africans living in houses with 5 or more rooms increasing from 33% in 1996 to 39% in 2011.

Access to utilities
In 1996, only 47% of South African housholds had access to electricity for cooking, 46% for heating and 58% for lighting. These proportions increased meaningfully by 2011 to 74% for cooking, 59% for heating and 85% for lighting.

Crime
There is little debate that the crime rate in SA remains high, however, based on the available statistics we cannot claim that the situation is worse than 20 years ago. Over the past 20 years in SA, the murder rate has halved to less than 33 per 100,000, assault is down almost 40%, burglary down more than 20% and total crimes down almost 20%.

The question is whether the same trend can continue in SA over the next 20 years

Source: sagoodnews






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